How to Identify & Treat a Chalazion
A chalazion can look worrisome, but it is actually a condition that can be treated and is not considered a medical emergency. When a blockage forms in an oil gland on the eyelid, the area will begin to swell. This causes a chalazion.
Identifying a Chalazion
To determine if you have a chalazion, look for the following symptoms:
- Painless lump or bump, usually in the top eyelid but can form on the bottom
- Mild irritation and tearing in the effected eye
- Blurry vision (can occur with larger chalazions)
- Disappears on its own within several weeks or up to a month
The condition is often recurring and is more likely to affect people between the ages of 30 and 50. Some illnesses may increase the risk of developing a chalazion including tuberculosis, seborrhea, acne rosacea, viral infections, and chronic blepharitis.
Never try to pop or squeeze a chalazion. This could cause an infection and lead to bigger problems. Also avoid wearing contacts and eye makeup until the condition has healed completely. Treatment options include:
- Warm Compress
Warm compresses are an easy at-home treatment option that’s painless. Soak a washcloth in hot water then lay it on the eyelid for 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat 3 to 5 times each day. The warmth helps the oil gland open up to allow for better drainage.
Persistent chalazions may require surgery. This is done with local anesthesia at your ophthalmologist’s office. A biopsy may be performed to ensure that there isn’t an underlying problem.
- Steroids & Antibiotics
Your ophthalmologist may also recommend a steroid shot or antibiotics. The shot is used for severe swelling while the antibiotics are taken when an infection is involved.
Contact Eye Michigan for an appointment and to learn more about diagnosis and treatment of a chalazion.