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5 Common Questions About Vision Care
Many people don’t worry about their eyesight until there is a problem. Information is your best weapon against many eye-related conditions and diseases. The following list will help you learn more about your vision.
- How Often Should I Get an Eye Exam?
Healthy patients between the ages of 20 and 39 should get a comprehensive eye exam once every two to four years. Grosinger, Spiegelman & Grey ophthalmologists recommend that healthy patients make an appointment annually once they hit age 40 to catch any issue early before there are symptoms.
- What Does Nearsighted and Farsighted Mean?
Nearsighted means that you can see objects that are nearby, but your vision becomes blurry the further away an object is to you. Farsightedness is the opposite, meaning you can see objects that are farther away while those that are closer appear blurry.
- What Are Cataracts and Can They Be Treated?
A cataract is a condition where the lens in the eye becomes cloudy, causing a loss of vision or blindness. They can be removed with surgery. The procedure has a high success rate and involves cutting away the cloudy natural lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.
- Is LASIK Eye Surgery Safe?
LASIK eye surgery is very safe and comes with a low risk of complications. Patients should make sure they choose a reputable facility and learn more about the process and recovery before having the procedure done.
- What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disease that occurs when fluid builds up in the eye, causing pressure that damages the optic nerve. It is the leading cause of blindness in patients over age 60.
Talk to an ophthalmologist to get answers to other eye care questions or to discuss changes in your vision. Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians located in southeast Michigan to make an appointment.
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Laser points range from a practical tool to a fun toy. They are available everywhere and appear as a safe, unassuming device. What harm could a little pocket-sized light do to a person? The reality is that, under the right conditions, they can cause severe damage to eyesight.
The Power of a Laser Pointer
The damage a laser pointer can do depends on two factors: its power and how long it is shined in an eye. The higher the power of the device, the smaller the time margin for safe exposure. This is especially important when using pointers over five milliwatts. Many laser pointers are not properly labeled and are often sold as toys for children.
What Do I Do After Being Blinded by a Laser Pointer?
When a laser pointer shines on a person’s eye, they will initially notice a bright flash. If possible, you or someone with you should look at the device and its rating to determine if a medical assessment is needed.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for classifying light-producing devices. Regulations outline different classes, with a class 2 being safer than higher number classes. Most laser pointers produce one to five milliwatts, which falls into subclass 3A. Those that are on the high end can cause damage while those on the lower end are not likely to cause permanent harm.
Safe Laser Pointer Practices
The following tips will help you use a laser pointer safely
- Always angle the laser pointer away from your face or the faces of others
- Never look directly into the light-producing end of a laser pointer
- Never use a laser pointer when driving or operating heavy machinery
- Never point a laser toward streets or high-traffic areas
- Be aware of nearby reflective surfaces like mirrors or metal objects
Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians for an appointment if you have questions about your vision, are in need of a comprehensive eye exam or experience a change in eyesight.
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Sports Eye Safety Month is here, making this a great time to learn more about injury prevention. Whether you, your children or grandchildren play sports casually or as part of a team, precaution should always be taken to shield your eyes from trauma. The following tips will help protect you and your loved ones while playing sports.
Sports Eye Injury Prevention Tip 1: Regular Glasses Are Not Enough
Don’t rely on your regular prescription or non-prescription glasses to shield your eyes. These are not designed to withstand the potential impacts you may experience while engaging in sports. Your eyewear could be damaged and may further injure your face and eyes.
Sports Eye Injury Prevention Tip 2: Choose the Right Batting Helmet
Batting helmets can help protect your eyes. When choosing gear for youth and adult baseball leagues, always use a batting helmet that’s equipped with a polycarbonate face shield.
Sports Eye Injury Prevention Tip 3: Use Approved Hockey Helmets & Watch for Wear
Hockey is a high-impact sport, which puts your eyes at risk. Make sure you only wear helmets that are U.S. Amateur Hockey Association approved. Regularly check your equipment for damage and replace as needed.
Sports Eye Injury Prevention Tip 4: Check Goggles for ASTM F803 Approval
Always wear safety goggles when participating in high-risk sports like racquetball, basketball, and paintball. These should be lensed polycarbonate protectors that come with ASTM F803 approval.
Sports Eye Injury Prevention Tip 5: Monitor Eye Health On and Off the Field
Eye safety starts with good health. When your eyes are in great condition, they will be more resilient and will function properly. When you see better, you will be better able to avoid falls and impacts. Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.
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When your ophthalmologist says the words “cataract surgery,” your initial reaction may be of concern. The thought of someone operating on your eyes can be scary. The good news is that there is nothing to be afraid of if you need this common procedure. According to the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, this operation has a 98% or higher success rate. There are also other benefits that could improve your life.
Regain Control of Your Independence
Cataracts are clouding that appears on the eye’s natural lens. As the condition progresses, the patient will have an increasingly more difficult time performing daily tasks. Things that once came easy, like driving or reading, may become nearly impossible. This can lead to social withdrawal and even depression.
After cataract surgery, many patients find that they regain the ability to perform these common tasks. They can live more independently and return to a more social lifestyle. This can help prevent depression and improves the patient’s overall quality of life.
Lower Your Risk of Falling Injury
When you can see properly, you are less likely to suffer a falling injury. An unseen object or change in terrain can be very dangerous. A fall can have a negative long-term effect, especially on older individuals or those with health conditions that could hinder recovery.
A 2012 study of Medicare beneficiaries with cataracts found that cataract surgery decreased the risk of a hip fracture by 16% one year after the procedure. Patients with severe cataracts lowered the risk by 23%.
Increase Your Chances of a Longer Life
Cataract removal can also increase your chances of living longer. A long-term study released in 2013 revealed that patients had a 40% reduction in mortality risk after cataract surgery compared to those who did not undergo the procedure.
If you experience changes in vision or have cataracts, contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians right away to schedule an appointment to assess your eyes and make a recommendation for treatment.
Diabetic eye disease describes conditions that affect patients with diabetes. All types have the potential to cause severe loss of eyesight and complete blindness. Diabetic retinopathy affects the blood vessels found in the retina and is the most common cause of vision loss in diabetic patients. Diabetic macular edema, or DMA, is swelling in the macula and can occur as a result of diabetic retinopathy.
Symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease
If you or someone close to you is diabetic, you should know how to recognize the signs of eye disease. The early stages may include no symptoms. As the condition worsens, the patient may notice floating spots and blurred vision. An ophthalmologist can diagnose the problem by performing the following tests:
- Visual Acuity Testing – Using an eye chart to measure patient’s ability to see at a distance
- Tonometry – Measures the pressure inside the eye
- Pupil Dilation – Dilation with eye drops to allow a doctor to examine the retina and optic nerve
- Optical Coherence Tomography – Uses light waves to capture images of tissue inside the eye
How to Treat Diabetic Eye Disease
Some cases of vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy are irreversible. The best way to avoid irreparable damage is early detection. Patients can slow progression by maintaining normal blood glucose levels. Patients should also keep blood pressure and cholesterol at healthy levels to lower risk as much as possible.
Diabetic Eye Disease Prevention
The same tactics are also employed to prevent diabetic eye disease altogether. Control blood sugar levels and report any changes in vision as quickly as possible. Patients should schedule regular eye exams to watch for changes that could indicate the beginning of the condition. Contact Grosinger, Spigelmen & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians for an appointment today.
We rely on the human eye every day. It allows us to navigate the world, engage in our favorite activities, and perceive the colors that make our environment so beautiful. Despite its importance, many people don’t understand how it works.
How Does the Human Eye Work?
The human eye has many parts to it, and each is essential to its function. Light enters through a clear lens at the front of the eye called the cornea. The iris adjusts the size of the pupil to control the amount of light that reaches the back of the eye. This process is similar to how a camera aperture works.
A second lens is positioned at the back of the pupil and further focuses the light entering the eye. This process allows us to focus on approaching or near objects. The remaining light reaches the retina, which contains rods and cones that convert light into signals. The optical nerve carries the signals to the brain, allowing us to perceive what we are seeing.
Human Eye Facts
The human eye is a fascinating organ. Did you know that:
- The average person blinks about 12 times per minute, and each blink lasts about 1/10th of a second.
- Eyes have the ability to heal quickly. A healthy eye can repair a corneal scratch in about 48 hours.
- The seeing process involves use of about half of the human brain.
- Newborn babies do not have fully formed tear ducts and can’t make tears until four to 13 weeks old.
- Every eye has a small blind spot where the optic nerve attaches to the back of the retina.
Approximately 80% of all vision problems throughout the world are curable or avoidable. Make sure you do your part to improve statistics and preserve your eyesight. You can start by contacting Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey; Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians to schedule a comprehensive eye exam.
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Cornea surgery may be required for patients who have suffered eye damage. There are several possible causes including disease, injury, keratoconus (cornea bulging), scarring, or issues caused by a prior surgery. What should you expect before and after undergoing a corneal transplant?
Talk to Your Ophthalmologist First
Your ophthalmologist can explain the reason for the procedure and answer any questions you have. They will also need to know if you take any medications and if you have other health issues. You may be advised to stop taking blood thinners if you are currently prescribed any.
You may be asked to visit your general practitioner for a physical to ensure that you are healthy before the transplant.
Find Someone to Drive You Home
Make arrangements to have someone drive you home after your surgery. It will not be safe for you to attempt to get behind the wheel after the procedure.
Your doctor will apply eye drops. You may also be given medication to help you relax. General anesthesia will also be used, so you do not feel the procedure. You will be able to see little to nothing during the surgery.
The doctor can approach your transplant one of three ways based on your medical needs:
- They may remove a circular area and replace it with a matching portion of the donated cornea.
- They may remove a thin layer of cells and stitch the replacement cornea into place.
- They may remove the damaged inner layer and replace it with the healthy tissue before inserting an air bubble into the eye to push the replacement into position.
Cornea Surgery Recovery
You will need to return to your ophthalmologist the following day for a follow up. Stitches may be removed. You will be prescribed eye drops and may need to wear glasses or a shield to protect the eye.
If your vision is preventing you from performing routine daily tasks, you may need cornea surgery. Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians in southeast Michigan for an appointment to schedule an exam.
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