Eye disease includes a broad range of conditions. Some can be mild while others can be serious enough to cause poor sight or blindness. Early detection is the best way to manage any illness.
Herpes simplex is a common virus that can affect the skin, causing cold sores. It can also be transmitted sexually. The virus can cause ulceration or pitting of the cornea. Some patients can experience acute retinal necrosis (ARN) from chronic infections. This leads to destruction if retinal tissue and significant damage to sight. Approximately 15% of patients with herpes simplex lose at least some of their vision.
Bacterial keratitis can occur when common bacteria usually found in the mouth, nose, and on skin makes its way into the cornea. Usually, it cannot penetrate the outer layer of the eye, so the patient may only experience conjunctivitis. Certain conditions can allow the bacteria to get through the outer layer. Those with an eye injury or weak immune system are at risk. Also, patients who wear contacts can also develop bacterial keratitis due to a lack of oxygen from the lens.
Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome
Ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (OHS) is a fungal infection that occurs when spores are inhaled. In a small number of cases, the fungus can migrate to the retina and cause damage over years. Symptoms include retinal decay that’s similar to macular degeneration. While only a very small fraction of cases develops into OHS, it is a large reason for legal blindness in people ages 20 to 40 in the U.S.
Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey for an appointment and proper treatment if you think you may have an infectious diseases of the eye.