Treatment for Cataracts
When cataracts interfere with daily life, treatment decisions must be made. Your ophthalmologist conducts a thorough examination to document the location of the cataracts. Both the doctor and patient need to decide if removal will make a difference in the individual’s quality of life.
Surgical removal is necessary to clear the cloudy lens. Pills, eye drops and ointment will not control or cure cataracts. Lasers are not always an effective solution, either.
This surgery is relatively easy and fast – taking only about an hour. Today, most surgeons perform cataract removal on an outpatient basis due to all of the technological advances available to them. The hospital stay of yesteryear is no longer necessary.
This is a very safe surgery with a 95 percent success rate. You will meet the anesthesiologist before surgery and receive an intravenous solution with a sedative. The eye is made numb so the pupil will dilate. You will be awake (sort of) during the procedure and an instrument keeps your eyelids open during surgery.
Lens Removal and Replacement
The surgeon makes a small incision on the eye surface, which makes a space big enough to remove the disease lens using sound waves and some suction. Once removed, a permanent lens replaces the troublesome lens by expanding in place after insertion. The incision tends to seal itself, but a few patients had to leave the hospital with some small stitches.
Over-the-counter pain relief usually relieves any discomfort around the eye. You will be told to avoid strenuous activity, especially heavy lifting, and get plenty of rest. Vision improves after surgery and, within a month, you will be able to get a new prescription for eyeglasses.