The word glaucoma is used to describe diseases that damage the optic nerve. They can cause a loss of vision or even blindness. The best way to prevent permanent damage is through early detection. Your ophthalmologist can examine your eyes and perform tests to determine if you have glaucoma.
A series of tests are used to diagnose this condition. Your doctor will dilate your eyes before performing the following:
- Eye Chart (Visual Acuity Test) – This is a standard test that involves reading an eye chart at varying distances. It is usually the first thing most people think of when they hear the words “eye exam.”
- Visual Field Test (Peripheral Vision) – This test measures your side vision. Glaucoma can cause a loss of peripheral sight.
- Dilated Eye Examination – A magnifying lens may be used to inspect the retina and optic nerve for indications of damage or disease. This can cause your close-up sight to appear blurry for several hours afterward.
- Pressure Measurement (Tonometry) – A device called a tonometer is used to measure the pressure inside your eyes. Numbing drops may be applied before this procedure.
- Measure Cornea Thickness (Pachymetry) – This is another test that may involve numbing drops. An ultrasonic wave instrument is used to determine the thickness of your cornea. A thin cornea can cause an inaccurate eye pressure reading when diagnosing glaucoma.
How to Treat Glaucoma
Glaucoma cannot be cured. However, some treatments used during the early stages of the disease can help slow its progress. These can include surgery, laser trabeculoplasty, and medication. This is why it is essential to have annual eye exams. Contact Grosinger, Spigelman & Grey Michigan’s Leading Eye Care Physicians for an appointment today.